Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a family of viruses that can lead to illnesses such as frequent colds, severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), and Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS).
In 2019, a new coronavirus was identified as the cause of a disease outbreak that originated in China.
The virus is currently called the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease it causes is called coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
In March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared that the COVID 19 outbreak a pandemic.
Public health teams, including the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and WHO, are tracking the pandemic and posting updates on their websites.
These groups have also issued recommendations for treating and preventing the illness.
Coronavirus Symptoms (COVID-19):
Signs and symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) may appear 2 to 14 days following exposure.
This period after exposure and before having symptoms is called the incubation period.
Frequent signs and coronavirus symptoms day by day can include:
Early COVID 19 symptoms may have a loss of taste or odor.
Other symptoms can include:
- Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
- Muscle cramps
- Sore throat
- Runny nose
- Chest pain
- Pink eye (conjunctivitis)
This listing isn’t all-inclusive. Other common symptoms of coronavirus are reported, such as nausea, Rash, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Kids have similar coronavirus symptoms to adults and normally have a moderate illness.
The seriousness of COVID 19 symptoms may vary from very mild to intense. Some people may have just a few symptoms, and a few people may have no symptoms at all.
Older people have a greater risk of serious illness in COVID-19, and the risk increases with age.
People who have existing chronic medical conditions also may have a greater risk of serious illness. Certain medical conditions that increase the risk of serious illness from
- Serious heart diseases, such as heart failure, coronary artery disease, or cardiomyopathy
- Type 2 diabetes
- Fat or severe obesity
- Sickle cell disease
Other conditions may increase the risk of severe illness, such as:
- Celiac disease
- Chronic lung diseases such as cystic fibrosis or pulmonary fibrosis
- Nervous and nervous system conditions
- The weakened immune system from bone marrow transplant, HIV, or some medicines
- High blood pressure
This listing isn’t all-inclusive. Other underlying medical conditions may increase your risk of serious illness in COVID-19.
When to see a doctor:
If you have COVID-19 symptoms or you have been in contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19, contact your doctor or clinic immediately for medical advice.
Tell your healthcare team about your covid symptoms and possible exposure before going to your appointment.
If you have emergency COVID-19 signs and symptoms, seek care immediately. Emergency signs and symptoms can include:
- Difficulty breathing
- Persistent chest pressure or pain
- Inability to arouse
- Inability to remain awake
- Blue Teeth or face
If you have signs or symptoms of COVID-19, contact your doctor or clinic for guidance. Let your physician know if you have other chronic medical conditions, such as heart disease or kidney disease.
During the pandemic, it is vital to be sure health care is readily available for those in greatest need and this is very important for the coronavirus disease 2019 prevention.
Coronavirus Causes (COVID 19):
Infection with the new coronavirus (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, or SARS-CoV-2) causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
The virus which causes COVID-19 spreads easily among people, and more have been discovered over time on how it spreads.
Data has shown that it spreads mostly from person to person among those in close contact (within about 6 ft, or 2 meters).
The virus spreads by respiratory droplets released when someone with the virus coughs, sneezes, breathes, sings, or discussions.
These droplets can be inhaled or land in the mouth, nose, or eyes of a person nearby.
In certain situations, the COVID-19 virus may spread by a person being subjected to little droplets or aerosols that remain in the air for several minutes or hours called airborne transmission.
It may also spread if a person touches a surface or object with the virus on it and then touches their mouth, nose, or eyes, even though this isn’t considered to be the main way it spreads.
Some reinfections of this virus which leads to COVID-19 have occurred, but these are uncommon.
Risk factors of Coronavirus (COVID-19):
Risk factors for COVID-19 seem to comprise:
- Close contact (within 6 feet, or two meters) with Somebody Who Has COVID-19.
- Being coughed or sneezed on by an infected individual.
Infection of Coronavirus:
Although most people with COVID-19 have mild to moderate corona symptoms, the disease can result in severe medical complications and lead to death in certain people.
Elderly adults or people with existing chronic medical conditions are at greater risk of becoming seriously ill with COVID-19.
Complications can include:
- Pneumonia and difficulty breathing
- Organ failure in Many organs
- Heart issues
- A serious lung disease that causes a low Quantity of oxygen to go through your blood to your organs (severe respiratory distress syndrome)
- Intense kidney harm
- Additional fungal and viral infections
Coronavirus Prevention (COVID-19):
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has contributed emergency use authorization for 2 COVID-19 vaccines, the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine as well as the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine.
A vaccine might keep you from receiving COVID-19 or keep you from becoming seriously ill from COVID-19 should you receive the COVID-19 virus.
It’s possible to take extra actions to reduce your risk of disease.
WHO and CDC recommend following these precautions for preventing exposure to the virus that causes COVID-19:
- Avoid close contact (within about 6 feet, or 2 meters) with anyone who’s ill or has symptoms.
- Keep a distance between yourself and many others (within about 6 ft, or 2 meters). This is particularly important when you’ve got a higher risk of serious illness. Bear in mind a few people may possess COVID-19 and spread it to other people, even if they don’t have symptoms or do not know they have COVID-19.
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water for at least 20 minutes, or utilize an alcohol-based hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Cover your face with a fabric face mask in public areas, such as the grocery store, where it’s difficult to avoid close contact with other individuals. Surgical masks may be used if available. N95 respirators should be earmarked for health care providers.
- Cover your mouth and nose with your elbow along with even a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw away the used tissue. Wash your hands straight away.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
- Prevent sharing glasses, dishes, towels, bedding, and other household things if you are sick.
- Wipe and clean high-touch surfaces, such as doorknobs, light switches, electronics, and counters, daily.
- Stay home from work, school, and public areas if you’re sick unless you are likely to find medical attention. Avoid public transport, taxis, and ride-sharing if you are sick.
When to consult a doctor-
If you’ve got a chronic medical illness and may have a greater risk of serious illness, check with your doctor about other ways to protect yourself.
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