it’s basically stretching or tearing of a muscle or a tissue connecting muscle to the tendon.
Muscle Strains often occur in the lower back and in the muscle in the back of the thigh.
In this article, we discuss the causes of Muscle strain, Strain symptoms, diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention, and some Home Remedies to get rid of Muscle spasms.
Causes of Muscle Strain:
Acute strains can be caused by one event, such as using poor body mechanics to lift something heavy.
Chronic muscle strains can result from repetitive injuries when you stress a muscle by doing the same motion over and over.
People with tight, inflexible muscles and those who do not warm up properly before exercise may have a higher risk of muscle strain.
Some people whose job requires them to do repetitive movements, such as heavy lifting or sports, may develop chronic muscle strain injuries.
Symptoms of Muscle Strain:
Muscle strains have a variety of uncomfortable symptoms, including:
- The pain and tenderness, especially after an activity that stretches or violently contracts the muscle — Pain usually increases when you move the muscle but is relieved by rest.
- Discoloration, Muscle swelling, or both.
- Spasm or Muscle cramp
- Either a decrease in muscle strength or a complete loss of muscle function.
- Pop in the muscle at the time of injury.
- A gap, dent, or another defect in the normal outline of the muscle.
A person may also hear audible snapping or popping when the muscle strains.
Diagnosis of Muscle Strain:
If a doctor suspects a muscle strain, they will perform a physical examination and ask a person about their symptom history. They may also order imaging studies, such as X-rays, to make sure that the bone has not broken.
Regular stretching and strengthening exercises for your sport, fitness, or work activity, as part of an overall physical condition program, can help to minimize your risk of muscle strains.
Treatment and Home Remedies for Muscle Strain:
Protection, rest, ice, compression, and elevation (known as the PRICE formula) can help the affected muscle.
Protect. First remove all constrictive clothing, including jewelry, in the area of muscle, protect the strained muscle from further injury.
Rest. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling, or discomfort. But don’t avoid all physical activity.
Ice. Even if you’re seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. Use an ice pack or slush bath of ice and water for 15 to 20 minutes each time and repeat every two to three hours while you’re awake for the first few days after the injury.
Compression. To help stop swelling, compress the area with an elastic bandage until the swelling stops. Don’t wrap it too tightly or you may hinder circulation. Begin wrapping at the end farthest from your heart. Loosen the wrap if the pain increases, the area becomes numb or swelling is occurring below the wrapped area.
Elevation. You want to keep your injured muscle elevated above your heart as much as possible. While this is difficult in certain strains, try to elevate it to some degree, especially while you sleep.
A physical therapist can help you to maximize the stability and strength of the injured joint or limb. Your doctor may suggest that you immobilize the area with a brace or splint.
For some injuries, such as a torn tendon, surgery may be considered.
Take Doctor’s Advice for Muscle Strain
Muscle strains can range from mild to severe. Taking time to rest and rehabilitate the strained muscle can help a person recover and return to their previous physical activity level.
Performing some simple stretching exercises, with a doctor’s approval, may also be beneficial.
If the pain worsens or gets in the way of everyday activities, it is best to see a doctor.
You hear or feel a pop in your muscle at the time of injury.
You have severe pain, swelling, or discoloration in the injured muscle.
Your injured muscle is obviously weak or has difficulty moving compared to the same muscle on the opposite side of your body.
The mild muscle symptoms do not improve after 48 hours.
Severe back pain that makes it impossible for you to do normal daily activities, or you have mild back pain that worsens after a few days.
It is being treated for a strained back and your symptoms do not improve within two weeks.
The back pain together with any of the following symptoms can signal a medical problem that is more serious than a mild back strain:
Fever or chills
Pain or a burning feeling when you urinate
Sudden weakness, numbness, or tingling in a leg
Numbness in your groin or rectum
Difficulty controlling your bladder or bowel function
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