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skin rash

Why The Rashes Come? Causes, Treatment, Pictures


Rashes are a noticeable shift in the texture or color of your skin. Your skin may become scaly, itchy, bumpy, or irritated.

Types of Rashes:

There are many distinct causes of rashes.

Flea bites:

  • Usually found in clusters on the lower legs and feet.
  • Itchy, red bump surrounded by a red halo.
  • Symptoms start immediately after being bitten.

Fifth disease:

  • Children are more prone than adults to experience a rash.
  • round, bright red rash on the cheeks.
  • Lacy-patterned rash on the arms, legs, and upper body that might be more visible after a hot shower or bath.


  • Chronic skin disease goes through cycles of fading and relapse.
  • Relapses may be triggered by hot foods, alcoholic drinks, sun, stress, and the intestinal bacteria Helicobacter pylori.
  • The four subtypes of rosacea encompass a vast array of symptoms.
  • Common symptoms include facial flushing, increased, red bumps, facial redness, skin dryness, and skin sensitivity.


  • Common in babies and children.
  • Often located in the region around the mouth, chin, and nose.
  • Irritating rash and fluid-filled blisters that pop easily and shape a honey-colored crust


  • Circular-shaped scaly rashes with a raised border.
  • The skin at the center of the ring appears clear and fit and the edges of the ring may spread outward.
  • Itchy

Contact dermatitis:

  • Appears hours to days after contact with an allergen.
  • Has visible boundaries and appears wherever your skin touched the annoying substance.
  • Risks that weep, ooze or become crusty.

Allergic eczema:

  • May resemble a burn.
  • Often located on palms and forearms.

Hand, foot, and mouth disease:

  • Generally affects children under age 5.
  • Painful, red blisters in the mouth and on the tongue and gums.
  • Flat or raised red spots located on the hands of the hands and soles of their feet.
  • Spots may also appear on the buttocks or genital area

types of rashes
Diaper rash, Allergic eczema, Contact dermatitis, Ringworm

Diaper rash:

  • Located in regions that have contact with a diaper.
  • Skin looks red, moist, and irritated.
  • Warm to the touch.


  • Yellow or white scaly patches that flake off.
  • Affected areas may be itchy, red, greasy, or oily.
  • Baldness may occur from the region together with the rash.


  • Scaly, silvery, well-defined skin stains.
  • Commonly located on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.
  • Maybe itchy.


  • Clusters of red, itchy, fluid-filled blisters in various stages of healing all over the body.
  • The rash is accompanied by fever, body aches, sore throat, and loss of desire.
  • Remains infectious until all blisters have crusted over.

The systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE):

  • An autoimmune disorder that shows a huge array of symptoms that affect many different body systems and organs.
  • A wide array of skin and mucous membrane symptoms range from rashes to blisters.
  • Classic butterfly-shaped face rash that spans from cheek to cheek over the nose.
  • Rashes may appear or get worse with sunlight exposure.


  • Very painful rash that may burn, tingle, or itching, even though there are no blisters present.
  • Clusters of fluid-filled blisters that break easily and weep fluid.
  • Rash emerges at a linear stripe pattern which looks most commonly on the chest but may occur on other areas of the human body, including the face.


This condition is considered a medical emergency. Urgent care may be required.

  • Caused by bacteria or fungi entering through a fracture or cut from the skin.
  • red, painful, swollen skin with or without oozing that spreads quickly.
  • Fever, chills, and red streaking from the rash may be a sign of severe illness requiring medical care.

Drug allergy:

  • A moderate, itchy, red rash may occur days to weeks after taking a drug.
  • Severe drug allergies can be life-threatening and symptoms include hives, racing heart, swelling, itching, and difficulty breathing.
  • Other signs include fever, stomach upset, and tiny purple or red dots on the skin.


  • Symptoms may require four to six months to look at.
  • The extremely itchy rash might be pimply, composed of tiny blisters, or scaly.
  • Raised, white, or flesh-toned lines.


  • Red rash spreads from the face down the body four times after the first symptoms appear.
  • Tiny red areas with blue-white centers appear within the mouth.

Tick bite:

  • Pain or swelling in the sting area.
  • Rash, burning sensation, blisters, or difficulty breathing.
  • The tick often remains attached to the skin for quite a while.
  • Bites seldom appear in groups.

Seborrheic eczema:

  • Yellow or white scaly patches that flake out.
  • Affected areas could be red, itchy, greasy, or fatty.
  • Baldness might occur in the rash area.

Scarlet fever:

  • Occurs at precisely the exact same time as or right after a strep throat infection.
  • Red skin rash throughout the body (but not the feet and hands).
  • The rash consists of little bumps that make it feel just like “sandpaper”.
  • Bright red tongue.
type of skin rash
Eczema, Psoriasis, Chickenpox, Shingles

Kawasaki disease:

  • This condition is considered a medical emergency.
  • Usually affects children under age 5.
  • May cause severe heart problems so consult a physician if there is concern

Contact dermatitis:

Contact dermatitis is one of the most common causes of rashes.

This type of rash occurs when the skin comes into direct contact with a foreign substance that causes a negative reaction, leading to a rash.

The subsequent rash may be itchy, red, or inflamed. Possible causes of contact dermatitis include:

  • Dyes in clothes.
  • Coming into contact with chemicals in rubber, elastic, or latex.
  • Touching poisonous plants, such as poison oak, poison ivy, or poison sumac.


Taking medications may also cause rashes. They can form as a result of:

  • An allergic reaction to the medication.
  • A side effect of this medication.
  • Photosensitivity to the medicine.

Other causes:

  • A rash can sometimes develop in the area of an insect bite, like a flea bite. Tick bites are of particular concern because they can transmit disease.
  • Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a rash that mostly occurs in people with asthma or allergies. The rash is often itchy and reddish with a smoky feel.
  • Psoriasis is a common skin condition that can create a scaly, itchy, red rash to form along the scalp, elbows, and joints.
  • A seborrheic eczema is a form of eczema which most frequently affects the scalp and causes aggravation, scaly patches, and dandruff. It can also occur on the ears, mouth, or nose. When infants have it, it is called a crib cap.
  • Lupus erythematosus is an autoimmune disease that activates a rash on the cheeks and nose. This rash is referred to as a”butterfly,” or malar, rash.
  • There are lots of sorts of rosacea, but all are characterized by inflammation and rash on the face.
  • Ringworm is a fungal disease that causes a distinctive ring-shaped rash. The identical fungus that causes ringworm of the body along with the scalp also causes jock itch and athlete’s foot.
  • Diaper rash is frequent skin irritation in babies and toddlers. It’s usually caused by sitting too long in a dirty diaper.
  • Scabies is an infestation by tiny mites that live on and burrow into your skin. It causes a bumpy, itchy rash.
  • Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the epidermis. It usually appears as a red, swollen area that’s painful and tender to the touch. If left untreated, the disease resulting in cellulitis can disperse and become life-threatening.

Reasons For rashes in children:

Children are particularly prone to rashes that grow as a result of illnesses, for example:

  • Chickenpox is a virus characterized by red, itchy blisters that form all over the body.
  • Measles is a viral respiratory infection that is responsible for a widespread rash composed of itchy, red bumps.
  • Scarlet fever is a disease due to group A Streptococcus bacteria that produces a toxin causing a glowing reddish sandpaper-like rash.
  • Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral disease that can cause red lesions around the mouth and a rash on the palms and toes.
  • Kawasaki disease is a rare but serious illness that triggers a rash and fever in the early phases and can lead to an aneurysm of the coronary artery as a complication.
  • Impetigo is a contagious bacterial disease that causes an itchy, crusty rash, and yellowish, fluid-filled sores on the face, neck, and hands.

You can treat most contact rashes, but it depends on the cause. Follow these tips to help ease discomfort and speed up the recovery process:

  • Use mild, gentle cleansers rather than scented bar soaps.
  • Use warm water rather than hot water for washing skin and hair.
  • Pat the rash dry instead of rubbing it.
  • Let the rash breathe.
  • Stop using new cosmetics or lotions that might have triggered the rash.
  • Apply unscented moisturizing lotion to regions impacted by eczema.
  • Prevent scratching the rash since doing so can make it worse and could result in infection.
  • Apply over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream to the affected area if the rash is quite itchy and causing distress. Calamine lotion can also help relieve rashes from chickenpox, poison ivy, or poison oak.
  • Just take an oatmeal bath. This may neutralize the itchiness associated with rashes from psoriasis or eczema. Here’s how to generate an oatmeal bath.
  • Clean your hair and scalp frequently with dandruff shampoo when you have dandruff along with a rash. Medicated dandruff shampoo is commonly available at drugstores, but your doctor can prescribe stronger kinds if you want them.

Non-prescription drugs:

Talk with your physician before you begin taking these medications, and stop accepting them for an elongated period since they could have side effects.

Ask your healthcare provider how long it’s safe for you to consider them.

You may be unable to take them if you have kidney or liver disease or a history of stomach ulcers.

When to see your Doctor about rashes:

Call your healthcare provider if the rash does not go away with home remedies.

You also need to contact them if you’re experiencing other symptoms as well as a rash and suspect you have an illness.

Go to the hospital immediately in the Event That You experience a rash combined with some of the following symptoms:

  • Increasing pain or discoloration at the rash area.
  • Tightness or itchiness in the throat.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Swelling of the face or extremities.
  • Fever of 100.4°F (38°C) or higher.
  • Confusion.
  • Dizziness.
  • Severe neck or head pain.
  • Repeated vomiting or nausea.

Speak to your healthcare provider if You’ve Got a rash as well as other systemic symptoms such as:

  • Joint pain.
  • A sore throat.
  • A fever slightly above 100.4°F (38°C).
  • Red stripes or tender areas close to the rash.
  • a recent tick bite or animal bite.

Your healthcare provider will perform a physical examination and inspect your rash. Expect to answer questions about your:

  • Rash.
  • Medical history.
  • Diet.
  • Recent usage of goods or drugs.
  • Hygiene

Your healthcare provider may also:

  • Take your temperature.
  • Order tests, such as an allergy test or complete blood count.
  • Invite you to a professional, such as a dermatologist, for further evaluation.

Your healthcare provider may also prescribe medication or medicated cream to relieve your rash. Most people can cure their rashes efficiently with medical remedies and home care.

What you can do today:

Follow these tips if you have a rash:

  • Identify potential triggers for the rash, and avoid them as far as possible.
  • Call your healthcare provider if the rash doesn’t go away with home remedies. You should also contact them if you are experiencing other symptoms in addition to a rash and suspect you have an illness.
  • Carefully follow any remedies your physician prescribes. Speak with your healthcare provider if your rash continues or gets worse despite treatment.

Ask your friends and loved ones for support. If you’re feeling anxious or depressed, consider joining a support group or seeking counseling. Believe in your ability to take control of the pain…

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