What’s causes chest pain?
Chest pain isn’t something to ignore. But you ought to understand that it has many possible causes. In many cases, it’s regarding the heart.
Some of those conditions are severe and life-threatening. Others are not. If you’ve got unexplained chest pain, the only way to verify its cause is to have a doctor evaluate you.
You may feel pain anywhere from your neck to your upper abdomen.
Based on its cause, chest pain may be:
- A tight, squeezing, or crushing sensation
Here are some of the more common causes of chest pain.
These heart problems are typical causes:
Coronary heart disease, or CAD. This is a blockage in the heart’s blood vessels which reduces blood flow and oxygen to the heart muscle.
This may cause pain known as angina. It is a symptom of heart disease but generally does not cause irreversible damage to the heart.
It is, though, a sign that you are at risk for a heart attack later on. The chest pain may spread to your arm, shoulder, jaw, or back.
It may feel like a pressure or squeezing sensation. Angina can be triggered by exercise, excitement, or emotional distress and is relieved by rest.
Myocardial infarction (heart attack): This decrease in blood circulation through heart blood vessels causes the death of heart muscle cells.
Though similar to angina chest pain, a heart attack is generally a severe, crushing pain normally in the middle or left side of their chest and isn’t relieved by rest.
Sweating, nausea, shortness of breath, or severe weakness may accompany the pain.
Myocarditis: Besides pain, this heart muscle inflammation may cause fever, fatigue, fast heart rhythm, and trouble breathing.
Although no congestion is present, myocarditis symptoms can resemble those of a heart attack.
Pericarditis: This is an inflammation or infection of the sac around the heart. It can cause pain similar to that caused by angina.
But it often causes a sharp, continuous pain across the upper shoulder and neck muscle.
Sometimes it becomes worse when you breathe, swallow food, or lie on your back.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy: This hereditary disorder causes the heart muscle to develop abnormally thick.
Sometimes this leads to problems with blood flow out of the heart. Chest pain and shortness of breath often happen with exercise.
Over the years, heart failure may occur when the heart becomes very thickened. This makes the heart work harder to pump blood.
Together with chest pain, this type of cardiomyopathy may cause dizziness, lightheadedness, fainting, and other ailments.
Mitral valve prolapsed: Mitral valve prolapse is a condition where a valve in the heart fails to close properly.
A number of symptoms are associated with mitral valve prolapses, such as chest pain, palpitations, and dizziness, although it can also have no symptoms, especially if the prolapse is mild.
Coronary artery dissection: A lot of things can cause this rare but fatal illness, which results when a tear develops in the uterus. It may cause a sudden, intense pain with a tearing or ripping feeling that goes up into the throat, back, or abdomen.
These are common causes of chest pain:
Pleuritis: Also known as pleurisy, this is an inflammation or irritation of the lining of their lungs and chest.
You likely feel a sharp pain when you breathe, cough, or sneeze.
The most common causes of pleuritic chest pain are bacterial or viral diseases, pulmonary embolism, and pneumothorax. Other common causes include rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and cancer.
Pneumonia or lungs abscess: These lung ailments may cause pleuritic and other types of chest pain, like deep chest pain.
Pneumonia often comes on suddenly, causing fever, chills, cough, and pus coughed up from the respiratory tract.
Pulmonary embolism: When a blood clot travels through the bloodstream and lodges in the lungs, this can cause severe pleuritis, difficulty breathing, and a rapid heartbeat.
It may also cause fever and shock. Pulmonary embolism is much more likely after deep vein thrombosis or after being immobile for several days following surgery or as a complication of cancer.
Pneumothorax: Frequently caused by an injury to the chest, pneumothorax happens when a part of the lung collapses, releasing air into the chest area.
This can also cause pain that gets worse when you breathe as well as some other symptoms, like low blood pressure.
Pulmonary hypertension: With chest pain resembling that of angina, this dangerously large blood pressure in the lung arteries makes the ideal side of your heart work too hard.
Asthma: Causing shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing, and sometimes pain, asthma is an inflammatory disorder of the airways.
COPD: This includes at least one of three diseases: Emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and chronic obstructive asthma.
The disease blocks airflow by shrinking and damaging the airways that bring gases and air to and from the lungs and the small air sacs (alveoli) that move oxygen to your bloodstream and remove carbon dioxide. Smoking is the most common cause.
Gastrointestinal problems can also cause chest pain and comprise:
Also called acid reflux, GERD occurs when stomach contents move back into the throat.
This may cause a sour taste in the mouth and a burning sensation in the chest or throat, known as heartburn.
Matters that may trigger acid reflux include obesity, smoking, pregnancy, and fatty or spicy foods.
Heart pain and heartburn from acid reflux feel similar partially because the heart and esophagus are situated near each other and share a neural network.
Esophageal contraction ailments: Uncoordinated muscle contractions (spasms) and high heeled contractions (nutcracker esophagus) are problems in the gut that could cause chest pain.
Esophageal hypersensitivity: This takes place when the esophagus becomes quite painful in the smallest change in pressure or exposure to acidity. The cause of this sensitivity is unknown.
Esophageal rupture or perforation: A sudden, severe pain after a process between the esophagus may be the indication of a rupture from the esophagus
Peptic Ulcer: A vague, recurring discomfort may be the result of the painful sores in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine.
More common in people who smoke, drink a great deal of alcohol, or even take painkillers such as aspirin or NSAIDs, the pain often makes better when you eat or take antacids.
Hiatal hernia: This frequent problem occurs when the cap of the stomach pushes to the lower chest after eating. This frequently causes reflux symptoms, such as heartburn. The pain tends to get worse when you lie down.
Pancreatitis: You may have pancreatitis if you have pain in the lower chest that’s often worse when you lie flat and better when you lean forward.
Gallbladder problem: After eating a greasy meal, do you have a sensation of fullness or pain in your lower chest area or the right upper part of your stomach?
If so, your chest pain may because of a gallbladder problem.
Bone, Muscle, or Nerve Problems:
Occasionally pain may result from an injury to the chest area from a fall or injury. Viruses can also cause pain in the chest region. Other causes of chest pain include:
Rib problems: Pain from a broken rib may worsen with deep breathing or coughing. It’s often confined to one place and may feel sore when you press on it. The area where the ribs join the breastbone may also become inflamed.
Muscle strain: Even very hard coughing can injure or inflame the muscles and tendons between the ribs and cause chest pain.
The pain tends to persist and worsens with activity.
Shingles. Caused by the varicella-zoster virus, shingles may prompt a sharp, band-like pain before a telltale rash appears several days afterward.
Other Potential Causes of Chest Pain:
Other possible causes are anxiety and panic attacks.
Some associated symptoms can include dizziness, the sensation of shortness of breath, palpitations, tingling sensations, and trembling.
When to See the Doctor for Chest Pain:
When in doubt, call your doctor about any chest pain you have, especially if it comes on suddenly or isn’t relieved by anti-inflammatory medications or alternative self-care steps, like changing your diet plan.
Call 911 if you have any of these symptoms Together with chest pain:
- A sudden sense of pressure, squeezing, tightness, or devastating under your breastbone.
- Chest pain that spreads into a jaw, left arm, or rear.
- Sudden, sharp chest pain with shortness of breath, especially after a long period of inactivity.
- Nausea, dizziness, rapid heart rate or rapid breathing, confusion, ashen color, or excessive sweating.
- Very low blood pressure or very low heart rate.
Telephone your physician if you have any of these symptoms:
- Fever, chills, or coughing yellow-green mucus.
- Problems swallowing.
- Severe chest pain That Doesn’t go away.
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