Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix, a finger-shaped pouch that projects out of your colon on the lower right side of your abdomen.
However, in most individuals, pain begins around the navel and moves. As the inflammation worsens, appendicitis pain usually increases and becomes severe.
Though anyone can develop appendicitis, most often it occurs in people between the ages of 10 and 30. Standard therapy is the surgical removal of the appendix.
In this article, we discuss the appendix, causes, symptoms, infections, diagnosis, alternative medication, and a few fundamental questions to ask your doctor.
Signs and symptoms of appendicitis may include:
- Sudden pain begins on the right side of the lower abdomen.
- Sudden pain begins around your navel and Frequently changes to the lower right abdomen.
- Pain that worsens if you cough, walk or make other jarring movements.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of hunger.
- Low-grade fever may worsen because the illness progresses.
- Diarrhea or Constipation
- Abdominal distention
The website of your pain may vary, depending upon your age and the place of your appendix. If you’re pregnant, the pain may appear to come from your upper abdomen since your appendix is greater during pregnancy.
Make an appointment with a doctor if your child has painful signs or signs of appendicitis. Intense abdominal pain requires immediate medical attention.
Congestion at the lining of this appendix which ends in infection is the likely cause of appendicitis.
The bacteria multiply quickly, causing the appendix to become inflamed, swollen, and full of pus. If not treated immediately, the appendix can rupture.
Appendicitis can cause serious complications, for example:
Ruptured Appendix :
A rupture spreads infection through your abdomen (peritonitis). Possibly life-threatening, this illness requires immediate surgery to remove the appendix and clean your abdominal cavity.
A pocket of pus that forms in the abdomen:
If your appendix bursts, you may develop a bit of infection (abscess). In most cases, a surgeon drains the abscess by putting a tube through your abdominal wall into the abscess.
The tube is left in position for approximately two weeks, and you are given antibiotics to clear the infection.
When the infection is apparent, you’ll have surgery to remove the appendix. In some cases, the abscess is drained, and the appendix is removed immediately.
To help diagnose appendicitis, your doctor will probably have a record of your symptoms and signs and examine your abdomen.
Tests and processes used to diagnose appendicitis include:
Physical examination to rate your pain:
Your doctor may apply mild pressure on the painful place. When the pressure is suddenly released, appendicitis pain will often feel much worse, signaling the adjacent peritoneum is inflamed.
Your doctor may also search for abdominal rigidity and a tendency that you stiffen your abdominal muscles in response to pressure within the inflamed appendix (guarding).
Your doctor may use a lubricated, gloved finger to examine your lower rectum (digital rectal exam). Women of childbearing age may be given a rectal examination to check for possible gynecological issues that may be causing the pain.
Your doctor may want you to have a urinalysis to make sure that a urinary tract infection or a kidney stone is not causing your pain.
- CT scan
Appendicitis treatment usually involves surgery to remove the inflamed appendix. Or the surgery can be achieved through some small abdominal incisions (laparoscopic surgery).
During a laparoscopic appendectomy, the surgeon inserts specific surgical instruments and a video camera in your abdomen to remove your appendix.
In general, laparoscopic surgery allows you to recover faster and heal with less pain and scarring. It may be better for elderly adults and individuals with obesity.
But laparoscopic surgery is not appropriate for everyone. If your appendix has ruptured and the disease has spread beyond the appendix or you have an abscess, then you may require an open appendectomy, which allows your surgeon to clean the abdominal cavity.
Expect to spend one or two days in the hospital after your appendectomy.
Draining an abscess prior to appendix surgery:
If your appendix has burst along with an abscess that has formed about it, the abscess may be drained by placing a tube through your skin to the abscess.
Appendectomy can be achieved several weeks later after controlling the infection.
Anticipate a few weeks of recovery from an appendectomy, or more if your appendix burst. To help your body heal:
Avoid strenuous activity at first:
If your appendectomy was completed laparoscopically, limit your activity for three to five days. If you had an open appendectomy, limit your activity for 10 to 14 days. Always ask your doctor about limits on your activity and when you are able to resume normal activities after surgery.
Support your abdomen when you cough:
Place a pillow over your stomach and apply pressure before you cough, laugh or proceed to help lessen pain.
Call your doctor if your pain medications aren’t helping:
Being in pain puts extra Stress in your body and slows down the healing procedure. If you are still in pain even though your pain medications, call your doctor.
Get up and move when you’re ready. Begin with short walks. Sleep when drained. As your body heals, you may realize that you are feeling sleepier than normal.
Speak returning to school or work with your doctor. It is possible to return to work when you feel up for it. Kids may be able to return to school less than a week following surgery.
They ought to wait two to four weeks to resume strenuous activity, such as health classes or athletics.
Your doctor will prescribe drugs to help you control your pain following your appendectomy. Some complementary and alternative remedies, when combined with your medicines, can help control pain.
Ask your doctor about safe choices, such as:
Distracting actions, such as listening to music and talking with friends, that take your mind off your pain. Distraction can be particularly effective with kids.
Guided imagery, like closing your eyes and thinking about a favorite place.
Preparing for your appointment In case you have appendicitis, you’ll likely be hospitalized and referred to a physician to remove your appendix.
Everything you can do:
When you make the appointment, ask if there’s anything you need to do beforehand, for example fasting prior to having a specific test. Make an inventory of:
- Your symptoms, including some that appear unrelated to the reason for your appointment
- Key personal information, including major stresses, recent lifestyle changes, and family medical history
- All medications, vitamins, or other supplements you choose, such as the doses
- Take a relative or friend as well, if possible, to help you recall the information you’re given.
For appendicitis, a few fundamental questions to ask your doctor include:
- Can I have appendicitis?
- Will I need more tests?
- What else could I have besides appendicitis?
- Do I need surgery and, if so, how soon?
- What are the dangers of appendix removal?
- Need to confirm how long will I want to remain in the hospital following surgery?
- Have to ask how long does recovery take?
- How soon after surgery can I return to work?
- Can you tell whether my appendix has burst?
- Do not hesitate to ask other questions.
- What to expect from the doctor.
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Ask your friends and loved ones for support. If you’re feeling anxious or depressed, consider joining a support group or seeking counseling. Believe in your ability to take control of the pain…
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