Hives: Chronic urticaria and angioedema can influence other internal organs like the lungs, muscles, and gastrointestinal tract.
Symptoms include shortness of breath, muscle soreness, vomiting, and diarrhea.
Physical urticaria: Hives caused by direct physical stimulation of the skin — for example, cold, heat, sun exposure, vibration, stress, sweating, and workout.
It usually occurs right where the skin has been stimulated and rarely look elsewhere.
The majority of it appears within one hour following exposure.
Dermatographism: This is a frequent type of physical urticaria where hives form after firmly stroking or scratching the skin. These can also occur along with other forms of urticaria.
How Are Hives and Angioedema Diagnosed?
Your doctor will need to ask many questions in an effort to find the possible cause of hives or angioedema. Since there are no special tests.
The related swelling of angioedema — testing will depend on your medical history and a comprehensive exam by your primary care doctor or dermatologist.
Skin tests may be conducted to determine the material to which you are allergic. Regular blood tests are done to establish if a system-wide disease is present.
How Are Hives and Angioedema Treated?
The best treatment for hives and angioedema would be to identify and remove the cause, but this isn’t an easy task. Antihistamines are usually prescribed by your doctor to provide relief from symptoms.
Chronic hives may be treated with antihistamines or even a combination of medications. When antihistamines do not offer relief, oral corticosteroids may be prescribed.
A biologic medication, omalizumab (Xolair), is also approved to treat chronic hives in people at least 12 years old.
For severe hives or angioedema, an injection of epinephrine (adrenaline) or a cortisone medicine may be required.
How Can Hives Be Managed?
While you’re waiting for swelling to disappear, here are some tips:
- Apply cool compresses or wet cloths to the affected areas.
- Attempt to sleep and work in a cool room.
- Wear loose-fitting lightweight clothing.
If hives or angioedema occur with any of the following symptoms, contact your doctor right away:
- Difficulty breathing
- Tightness in the chest
- Swelling of the lips, tongue, or face
Ask your friends and loved ones for support. If you’re feeling anxious or depressed, consider joining a support group or seeking counseling. Believe in your ability to take control of the pain…
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