Bedbugs are small, oblong, brownish insects that live on the blood of animals or humans.
Adult bedbugs have flat bodies about the size of an apple seed. After feeding, nevertheless, their own bodies swell and are a red color.
Bedbugs do not fly but they can move quickly over floors, walls, and ceilings. Female bedbugs may lay hundreds of eggs, each of which is around the size of a speck of dust, within a lifetime.
Immature bedbugs, called nymphs, shed their skins five days before reaching adulthood and demand a meal of blood before each shedding.
Under favorable conditions that the bugs can grow fully in as little as a month and then create three or more generations per year.
Although they’re a nuisance, they are not believed to transmit diseases.
Where Bedbugs hide:
Bedbugs may enter your home undetected through bags, clothing, utilized beds and couches, and other items.
Their flattened bodies make it feasible for them to fit into tiny spaces, about the width of a credit card.
Bedbugs do not have nests like ants or bees but have a tendency to live in groups in hiding areas.
Their initial hiding areas are generally in mattresses, box springs, bed frames, and headboards where they have easy access to people to bite in the night.
As time passes, however, they may scatter throughout the bedroom, moving into any crevice or shielded location.
They may also spread into nearby rooms or apartments.
Since bedbugs live solely on blood, using them in your house isn’t an indication of dirtiness.
You’re as likely to find them in pristine homes and hotel rooms as in ones that are filthy.
When Bedbugs Bite:
Bedbugs are active mainly during the night and generally bite people while they’re sleeping.
They feed by piercing the skin and withdrawing blood via an elongated beak.
The bugs feed out of three to ten minutes to become engorged and then slough off unnoticed.
Most bedbug bites are painless at first but later turn into itchy welts.
Unlike flea bites that are largely around the ankles, bedbug bites are on any area of skin exposed while still sleeping.
Additionally, the bites don’t have a red spot in the heart like flea bites do.
People who don’t realize they have a bedbug infestation may attribute the itching and welts to other causes, such as mosquitoes.
To confirm bedbug bites, you need to find and identify the bugs themselves.
Signs of Infestation:
If you wake up with itchy spots you didn’t have if you went to sleep, you may have bedbugs, particularly if you have a used bed or alternative used furniture around the time the bites began.
Other signs that you have bedbugs contain:
- Darkened or darkened spots of bedbug excrement on sheets and mattresses, bedclothes, and walls
- Bedbug fecal stains, eggshells, or shed skins in regions where bedbugs hide
- An offensive, musty odor from the bugs’ odor glands
Should you suspect that an infestation, remove all bedding and test it carefully for signs of these bugs or their excrement.
Remove the dust cap over the bottom of the box springs and then analyze the tiles from the wood framing.
Peel back the cloth where it is stapled to the wood framework.
Also, check the area around the bed, including interior novels, telephones or radios, the edge of the carpeting, and even in electric outlets.
Check your cupboard, since bedbugs can attach to clothing. If you are uncertain about signs of bedbugs, call an exterminator, who’ll know what to look for.
If you find signs of infestation, start action to get rid of the bugs and prevent their recurrence.
Treatments of Bedbugs:
Getting rid of bedbugs starts with cleaning up the places where bedbugs live. This should comprise the following:
- Clean bedding, linens, drapes, and clothing in hot water and dry them on the maximum dryer setting.
- Place stuffed animals, shoes, and other items that can’t be washed in the dryer and run on high for half an hour.
- Use a stiff brush to wash mattress seams to remove bedbugs and their eggs before vacuuming.
- Vacuum your bed and surrounding area frequently. After vacuuming, instantly place the vacuum cleaner bag in a plastic bag and put it in the garbage can outdoors.
- Bedbugs may live up to a year without feeding, so keep the cover on your mattress for at least a year to make certain all bugs in the mattress are dead.
- Fix cracks in plaster and glue down peeling wallpaper to get rid of areas bedbugs can hide.
- Get rid of mess around the bed.
If a mattress is infested, you may want to get rid of it and find a new one, but be careful to rid the rest of your home of bedbugs, or else they will infest your new mattress.
Extermination of Bedbug:
While cleaning up infested regions will be helpful in controlling bedbugs, getting rid of these typically requires chemical remedies.
Since treating your bed and bedroom with insecticides can be detrimental, it’s important to use products that can be used safely in bedrooms.
Do not cure mattresses and bedding unless the label specifically says you may use them on bedding.
Generally, it is safest and most effective to hire an experienced pest management specialist to get bedbug extermination.
Ask your friends and loved ones for support. If you’re feeling anxious or depressed, consider joining a support group or seeking counseling. Believe in your ability to take control of the pain…
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