Prime Health Blog

Canker Sores (Causes, Treatment, and Prevention)

Canker Sore (Aphthous Ulcer): Causes, Treatment, and Prevention


Canker sores (aphthous ulcers or aphthous stomatitis) are small, painful ulcers inside the mouth.

They’ll occur on the tongue and on the within linings of the cheeks, lips, and throat.

They typically appear white, gray, or yellow in color, with a red border.

Canker sores are among the foremost common sorts of oral lesions, affecting about 20% of individuals.

Women get canker sores more often than men. Canker sore susceptibility could also be inherited, and therefore the condition can run in families.

Canker Sore Symptoms & Signs:

Some people may experience the subsequent related canker sore symptoms and signs:

Bleeding gums

Lump or mass on gums

Painful gums

Canker sores aren’t contagious and are categorized into three types

Canker sores types
Canker sores are not contagious and are categorized into three types

What are canker sores types, and what do they appear like?

Canker sores aren’t equivalent to cold sores (fever blisters), which are an infection caused by herpes and are contagious.

Canker sores aren’t contagious, and are categorized into three types:

Minor sores measure from 3 to 10 millimeters (mm) and are the foremost common sort of canker sore. Lesions last 10 to 14 days and heal without scarring.

Major sores are larger and deeper than minor sores, have an irregular border, and a diameter of greater than 10 mm.

Major canker sores may take weeks to months to heal and may leave a scar after healing.

Herpetiform sores are characterized by large groups of multiple sores.

These are small ulcers (2-3 mm) but there could also be as many as 100 ulcers present at an equivalent time.

They have a tendency to heal without scarring.


Some possible causes of canker sores include the following:

Injury to the mouth may cause simple canker sores. The injury might be from vigorous tooth brushing, dental work, braces or dentures, or a sports accident.

Acidic foods, including citrus fruits, may trigger a canker sore or make it worse.

Food sensitivities or allergies (anything from highly acidic foods to chocolate and coffee)

Diets low in vitamins B12, zinc, folate (folic acid), or iron

Toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulfate

Allergy to certain bacteria within the mouth


Emotional stress


Gastrointestinal tract diseases like disorder or regional enteritis

Autoimmune disorders like systemic LE or Behçet’s disease

Other system weakness like a chilly or the flu, HIV/AIDS, or a transplant

Systemic conditions like regional enteritis or nutritional deficiencies

Oral cancer

Certain drugs may cause canker sores, including:


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)


Oral nicotine

Chemotherapy medicines



Sulfa drugs


Anticholinergic bronchodilators

Platelet aggregation inhibitors


Protease inhibitors




Canker sore
Canker sores are not the same thing as fever blisters (cold sores)

Are canker sores equivalent thing as cold sores (fever blisters)?

No, canker sores aren’t equivalent thing as fever blisters (cold sores).

Canker sores occur inside the mouth and aren’t contagious.

Fever blisters are infections caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV), they mostly occur on the lips and out of doors of the mouth, and that they are very contagious.

Signs and Symptoms:

Canker sores are painful sores inside the mouth.

they’ll occur on the tongue, the liner of the cheeks, the gums, the within of the lips, or the taste bud on the rear of the roof of your mouth.

Common symptoms of canker sores include the following:

A burning, tingling, or prickling sensation, up to 24 hours before the sore appears

Crater-like ulcers that are white, gray, or yellow in color, with a red border

Sores are usually painful

Difficulty speaking, eating or swallowing

Less common symptoms which will also indicate a more serious underlying infection include:


Swollen lymph nodes


Weight loss

Thrush infection in your mouth or throat

Common symptoms of canker sores
Common symptoms of canker sores include burning, tingling, or prickling sensation, soreness, ulcers, and difficulty speaking, eating, or swallowing

Contact your doctor or dentist if your canker sores are:

Larger than usual


Lasting quite three weeks

Causing severe pain even after taking over-the-counter pain medication

Causing difficulty drinking enough fluids to remain hydrated

Accompanied by fever

What natural or home remedies cure canker sores?

In most cases, sores don’t require any treatment, and there’s nothing specific you would like to try to to to urge obviate a canker sore because it always will heal on its own.

Home remedies are often wont to help relieve the pain and inflammation of canker sores.

If you have already got a canker sore, there are home remedies that help relieve the pain or irritation caused by the sore and to hurry to heal:

Topical medications applied directly on the sore, mouthwashes, and oral medications can relieve pain or inflammation.

Allow ice chips to dissolve slowly in your mouth for relief of pain.

Avoid acidic foods like citrus fruits or spicy foods which will aggravate the sore.

If there’s any vitamin deficiency (a doctor can test for this), take supplementation as prescribed.

Brush teeth gently and use a brush with soft bristles.

Use toothpaste and mouthwash that doesn’t contain sodium lauryl sulfate.

Another home remedy is to combine milk of magnesia with Benadryl liquid and use it as a mouth rinse.

you’ll also dab milk of magnesia directly onto the canker sore with a cotton swab.

Rinse your mouth with saltwater or bicarbonate of soda rinse. Mix 1 teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda per ½ cup water, and rinse.

Other natural remedies include goldenseal mouth rinse, deglycyrrhizinated licorice (DGL) gargled in warm water, and saltwater rinses.

Zinc lozenges may help provide relief and speed healing time. don’t give lozenges to young children, as they’ll be a choking risk.

Vitamin C, B-complex vitamin complex, and lysine are often taken orally when lesions first appear and should help speed healing.

Infuse sage and chamomile herbs in water and use as a mouthwash four to 6 times daily.

The herb Echinacea may help speed healing

Carrot, celery, and cantaloupe juices can also be helpful.

Consult a health care professional before using any home remedy as many haven’t been scientifically tested or proven effective.

What topical prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medications cure canker sores?

Topical pain medications: Gels like benzocaine (Orajel, Orabase) and lidocaine (an anesthetic) are used directly on the canker sore to alleviate pain or discomfort.

Canker sore patches (Canker Cover) provide pain relief while covering and protecting the sore because it heals.

Topical anti-inflammatory medications: Steroid medications like triamcinolone acetonide or fluocinonide are often used topically to decrease inflammation from canker sores.

Topical antibiotics: These medications could also be prescribed by your doctor or dentist if there’s an opportunity for the canker sore to become infected with bacteria.

Redness, crusting, pus discharge, or fever are signs of infection.

What mouthwash solutions be wont to treat and cure canker sores?

Several mouthwash solutions used to treat the symptoms include:

Diphenhydramine suspension (Benadryl Allergy liquid) is out there over the counter.

And maybe used as a mouth rinse because it’s local anesthetic effects on the tissue of the mouth.

Put the suspension in your mouth, swish it around for 30 seconds to at least one minute, and spit it out. Don’t swallow the rinse.

Anti-inflammatory steroid mouth rinses could also be prescribed to assist reduce inflammation of the sores.

Tetracycline antibiotic rinses could also be prescribed and are shown to alleviate the pain and promote the healing of canker sores.

Don’t use tetracycline if you’re pregnant, people allergic to tetracycline, or if the person with the canker sore may be a child under 16 years aged.

Some possible causes of canker sores
Some possible causes of sores include the following injury to the mouth may cause simple canker sores. An injury could be from vigorous tooth brushing, dental work, braces or dentures, or a sports accident.

What oral medications are available to cure canker sores?

Several oral medications may help relieve symptoms of sores.

Over-the-counter pain medications like ibuprofen (Advil), acetaminophen (Tylenol), or naproxen (Aleve) are often wont to help with discomfort from cankers sores.

Zinc lozenges or vitamins B and C can also help relieve symptoms of canker sores.

What should an individual do if they get recurrent or chronic canker sores?

If an individual suffers from frequent sores, there could also be an underlying medical reason or illness that causes them.

See a health care professional or dentist if there are any concerns that cankers sores are frequent.

Predisposition to cankers sores may be genetic.

However, some diseases that affect the system like lupus, regional enteritis, disorder, or HIV/AIDS may cause frequent or recurrent canker sores.

Health care professionals can order tests to work out if there’s an underlying medical reason for an individual’s frequent sores.

Ask your friends and loved ones for support.

If you’re feeling anxious or depressed, consider joining a support group or seeking counseling. Believe in your ability to take control of the pain…

Hope you find this article helpful enough to give motivation. Kindly read our more articles and subscribe to us for staying updated on our all-new articles.

You can also read more health-related articles by subscribing and liking us on Facebook and Instagram. Feel Free to leave comments below for any suggestions or your views on it.




Leave a Reply




Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *